Than hurt women and how to deal with it. Recommendations of the best doctors

August 29, 2016

Doctors think about the disease every woman should know.

The answers to these questions, we should all know, then that was not excruciatingly painful.

OSTEOPOROSIS

Korableva Natalia,

PhD, associate Professor in the Department of traumatology medical Academy of postgraduate education, member of Russian Association on osteoporosis.

WHO IS AT RISK:

First, people who do not get an adequate supply of bone mass, which then would allow them to long to spend. People who did not consume enough foods containing vitamins and calcium. As well as people with diabetes, and various thyroid pathologies, diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys and joints.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF THE DISEASE:

Osteoporosis is most common in women. Women genetically do not gain the bone density, men are engaged in more than light physical work and less exercise. But there is quite a clear pattern between the loads on the skeleton and bone tissue density. After 25-30 years, we begin to lose bone mass. Every second woman after the age of 80 the risk of hip fracture because she is physiologically reduced bone density.

HOW YOU CAN REDUCE THE RISKS:

As a preventive measure in the diet, you need to add calcium supplements to eat meat, fresh vegetables and fruits. To prevent problems with the spine need to have the bandage (the easiest) and to protect the spine prior to heavy physical activity – cleaning the apartment, work on the dacha.

IN WHICH CASE YOU MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR:

Osteoporosis called a “silent epidemic of the century”. When people feel pain, such as back and came to a neurologist or an orthopedist, it’s late. People at risk need to undergo annual ultrasonic densitometry – a method provides information about the quality of the bone tissue and is painless, fast, economical. In addition, there is x-ray densitometry.

WHAT CAN HELP MODERN MEDICINE:

Now open to public centers with highly qualified doctors who were trained in our Department. Carried out a detailed biochemical analysis of blood, and selects the optimal drug. Now there are the imported drugs for the effective treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis – bisphosphonates. It is very important that people do not self-medicate.

BREAST CANCER

Letyagin Victor Pavlovich

Professor, MD, head of breast cancer at the cancer research center of RAMS:

WHO IS AT RISK:

The risk group includes those women who have not given birth to their first child at age 17-18. And women who are not breast-fed for a long time – at least one year. Mastitis is not a form that can provoke breast cancer.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF THE DISEASE:

A major role is played by hereditary predisposition, diet, lifestyle, Smoking and alcohol consumption. Abortion is also a contributing factor in breast cancer, and, of course, the impact of the environment.

HOW YOU CAN REDUCE THE RISKS:

There is a method of self-examination. On certain days (most often 7-10-th day of the menstrual cycle) in the shower, lather, a woman needs to probe himself carefully on both sides. Prophylactically, it is desirable at least once to do a breast ultrasound.

IN WHICH CASE YOU MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR:

If a woman found the seal in a particular division of the breast, in the armpits, nipple changed, it appeared the selection, the appearance of the gland was different, there was education on the neck – all the surgeons in the clinic. He will give direction for further examination and to an oncologist. Do not be afraid – it’s not hopeless. Should be treated, and all will be well.

WHAT CAN HELP MODERN MEDICINE:

Ultrasound is one of the most precise methods of diagnosis of breast cancer (1 every 2 years – regular mammography screening). Today the main task is early diagnosis. After treatment of the first stage is 95% alive and healthy, at the third stage – 40-60%.

ASTHMA

Kokina Natalia

PhD, assistant Professor of internal medicine propaedeutics MMA im. I. M. Sechenov, head of the Department of pulmonology clinic of internal medicine propaedeutics MMA im. I. M. Sechenov.

WHO IS AT RISK:

Those women and children who are prone to allergic reactions. For example, if the child is Allergy related intolerance to any food products, the presence of eczema. That is, all factors predisposing to allergic reactions, may be harbingers of the development of bronchial asthma.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF THE DISEASE:

Most often it’s allergens (pollen, grasses, animal dander, house dust). Cold air or a viral infection can cause bronchial hyperreactivity (rapid contraction). Asthma often occurs in cities where a large degree of contamination. In addition, an important role in the development of asthma plays a hereditary factor.

HOW YOU CAN REDUCE THE RISKS:

More to be outdoors in clean areas, in clean rooms, in the countryside, in the woods – if you are not allergic. To be surveyed at the allergist to identify the allergens and rarely have to contact them. Avoid contact with latex – it is a strong allergen. Change feather pillows to hypoallergenic, to make regular wet cleaning.

IN WHICH CASE YOU MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR:

When cough and shortness of breath moving into a heavy attack of suffocation when a person cannot breathe. In the period of suffocation, the patient takes a forced position, lock the chest, you hear loud wheezing. This is an emergency situation that requires immediate access to a doctor and even call the ambulance.

WHAT CAN HELP MODERN MEDICINE:

For the treatment prescribed two types of medications: inhaled corticosteroids are drugs, which mechanically into the lungs, i.e. the treatment of the inflammatory process in the bronchi only local. Bronchodilators dilate the bronchi and are a means of “ambulance”, and not the main treatment. The main thing – do not exceed the dosage of these drugs. There is still nebulizer therapy.

STROKE

Parfenov, Vladimir A.

Professor of nervous diseases MMA im. I. M. Sechenov, MD, neurologist.

WHO IS AT RISK:

The main risk factor is age, heredity and high blood pressure. Much defines the lifestyle – Smoking, alcohol, stress, obesity, and sleep disorders. Diseases of the cardiovascular system: atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease. Surgery on the heart increase the risk of stroke.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF THE DISEASE:

Hypertension and atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels.

HOW YOU CAN REDUCE THE RISKS:

To monitor their weight and blood pressure. If women while taking oral contraceptives have any ischemia, it is necessary to choose another method of contraception. It is better to use preparations for oral contraception of last generation, but on this issue you should consult with your gynecologist. Not to smoke, to use alcohol moderately.

IN WHICH CASE YOU MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR:

The most common symptoms of stroke – weakness in the arm or leg on one side, acute-onset speech impairment, visual disturbances according to the type of loss of visual fields. Dizziness rarely are harbingers of stroke. You must quickly call an ambulance. If the patient arrives within 3-4 hours after ischemic stroke to dissolve the blood clot that has formed.

WHAT CAN HELP MODERN MEDICINE:

Crucial issues related to prevention of stroke. Unfortunately, generic drugs for its treatment does not exist. But people who have suffered an ischemic stroke, must, after consultation with the doctor to take antiplatelet agents (aspirin, plavix, or dipyridamole) or anticoagulants (warfarin), and in some cases – statins (simvastatin).

OVARIAN CANCER

Zhordania Kirill I.

M. D., member of the International society of cancers, Professor, Department of reproductive medicine and surgery FPDO MSMSU

WHO IS AT RISK:

First, women who are in the family ever observed cancer in the female line. Secondly, those who have chronic inflammation of the appendages, endometriosis, not susceptible or difficult to treat hormones. All these women should definitely be seen by a gynecological oncologist.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF THE DISEASE:

The cause of ovarian cancer is unknown. Pregnancy and childbirth reduce the risk of disease,while it increases infertility. Hormonal drugs that stimulate ovulation increase the risk of disease by 2-3 times. In addition, according to the latest data, likely precipitating factor in the occurrence of ovarian cancer are some viruses.

HOW YOU CAN REDUCE THE RISKS:

To reduce the risk, it is necessary to give birth, to know the heredity and regular visits with a gynecologist. The woman who started to live a sexual life, is obliged at least once a year to visit the gynecologist. A woman who is in premenopausal or in postmenopausal women, 1 in every six months.

IN WHICH CASE YOU MUST CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR:

If a woman feels discomfort in the stomach, notes the menstrual cycle, bloating, heaviness in the abdomen and disturbance in the bowel, it is necessary to refer to the gynecologist to confirm the diagnosis, will send her to a gynecological oncologist.

WHAT CAN HELP MODERN MEDICINE:

The difficulty of early diagnosis is that at these stages the disease practically does not give any symptoms. Treatment options depend on the stage of the disease. The Americans are doing to women at risk of oophorectomy after the birth of 2-3 children, they take away the ovaries, preventing the development of this terrible disease.

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