Emotions over the edge, appearing out of thin air the extra pounds, insomnia, excessive sweating – all these pleasures of menopause may encounter in almost every woman with age. How to improve your quality of life in this period?
Our expert: Inna Kondrashova, PhD, doctor obstetrician-gynecologist of medical center “Atlas”
From 43 to 57 years old – Russian women experience menopause in this age period. However, fertility can fade, and a little later and a little earlier — it all depends on the genetic characteristics of women. Contrary to popular belief, this time is not a critical period, and does not mean the end of a normal active life. Indeed, due to the decline in estrogen a woman notices a new in your body.
The first symptoms of menopause
Menstrual cycle how in the direction of its shortening and lengthening (from 19-21 days in the first case, and 35-40 in the second case)
Instability of emotional state: you suddenly cry because of the fact that previously I did not care, or fret over a trifle, which previously would not have noticed;
A feeling of tiredness, fatigue and decreased performance, reluctance to do anything; the appearance starts to “act up”4
Change in appearance: there is excess weight, wrinkles, nails become more brittle, and hair dry and weak, the teeth require special attention and frequent visits to the dentist;
Change of feelings in a sexual relationshipdue to the lack of hormones changing condition of the vaginal mucosa, leading to discomfort during sexual intercourse and reduction of sexual desire.
Because every woman’s body is different, these changes can occur gradually over several years or occur quite “urgently”. In any case, in terms of modern medicine either separately or all at once they are not able to deprive a woman of her beauty, attractiveness and sexuality.
What to ask the doctor?
He will ask you about the way of life, distressing symptoms and conduct the necessary diagnostics, including ultrasound of the pelvic organs, breast ultrasound, General clinical, biochemical blood analysis for hemostasis, can sometimes require tests for hormones. Without data of such surveys are effective and safe maintenance therapy can not be assigned. In no case do not self-medicate: self-administration of various drugs, including hormonal (alas, the Internet has a lot of “experts” ready to tell me what and what to take), can lead to life-threatening conditions. Remember, your body is a personality that cannot be adapted to standard recommendations: every woman has their own particular assimilation of nutrients, reaction to medications, and more.
Don’t be afraid of hormone replacement therapy
This therapy carefully and always strictly individual is chosen by the doctor based on several research activities: tests, external examination, mammography and others. With a correct scheme of treatment effectively manages symptoms of menopause and does not have terrible side effects, which is commonly. If for some reason you refuse hormone therapy, your doctor may prescribe hormonal drugs, including of plant origin, which is similar to the hormone, although not as efficiently.
Swimming, yoga, dancing, Jogging — whatever. The main thing — physical activity. This will help not only to accelerate slower hormonal metabolism and increase libido. Need to buy a card to an expensive fitness club: an evening walk in the Park for 3-4 km is also an excellent choice of physical activity.
Follow the diet
If before the menopause you could afford three donut at night and is not reflected in the figure, with the onset of menopause affect the shape may even one. Alas, the metabolic processes slow down with age. So, after 40 years, the caloric content of your usual daily diet should have decreased by at least 10 % of the usual 30. This will help to avoid weight fluctuations.
Do not try to lose weight at any cost
First, the lack of food in the principle leads to early ovarian failure. Secondly, fat tissue performs, in particular, and hormonal function – produces female sex hormones. Therefore, women are not too lean are experiencing menopause symptoms easier, and in principle they have a chance to postpone menopause for 1-2 years.
Give up Smoking
Or at least reduce the number of cigarettes. Early menopause and more severe menopause typical for 30% of women who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day for at least 4-5 years. The most dangerous substances in tobacco for the reproductive system in women, are nicotine and its derivatives, and resin. They cause change (degradation) has been worked out to reduce estrogen and hormonal function of the ovaries.