Want to create a beautiful flower garden with his own hands, but do not know where to start? Follow our simple rules, and you will succeed!
The flowers love it when admire them, so it’s best to choose a place that you frequent and have the opportunity to see plants in front of the house, the kitchen window or in a far corner of the garden where you relax. But, if you sit in the relaxation area turns out not so often, perhaps it is not necessary to build a large-scale flower garden, who will enjoy the fruits of your labors?
- Flowerbed in the front area must be always in perfect condition – it’s the face of the host, so it is best not to use elements that require regular care. The most prominent place it is not necessary to arrange the flower bed adjacent to the pond, time-consuming rockery or rock garden. How to choose roses for a garden.
- Place under the Windows of the house should be planned so that during the rain flowing from the roof the water has washed away the soil and does not accumulate in the soil beds. Make sure that in the winter time landslides of snow could damage the planting of ornamental plants.
- The fence or wall flower beds look impressive, and beat them quite easily. But be sure to Orient planting flowers relative to the sun so that the figure on the bed opened on the South side. Otherwise the flowers will turn away from you most of the day.
- Observe the scale. Small-flowered plants (carnation-the deltoides, forget-me-not, Lobelia, etc.) plant on the edge of the flower bed. Grandiflora (peonies, dahlias, lilies, Lavater, and a bright and simple flowers) – away from the edge.
- Meandering flower beds along the tracks and changing the width of the flower garden, which expands the total volume of the beds and your site.
- Round flower beds require a special approach and sensible planning – a comprehensive review. For this flower bed is better to choose plants, not much watching the sun (dahlias, lilies, lychnis chalcedony, irises, zinnias). Tall plants are planted in the center, the next layer is made from medium and low-growing planted on the edge. How to make a flower bed from scratch.
Mobile flower garden
If the site is not yet completed construction or alteration is planned at home, it is better to wait with a solid arrangement of flower garden and limit the planting of flowers in containers. Containers can always be moved from one place to another, and during construction the area will look bright and elegant. Container gardening is suitable for those who finally chose a location for the device flowerbeds or in advance had not prepared the ground. Most suitable for container gardening will be an annual, long lasting flowering plants (Petunia, Petunia, pelargonium). As containers suitable containers with a drainage hole (not less than 30 cm in height, with a width of 20-30 cm). Well, if their appearance will blend in with the appearance of the house.
How to create flower bed
The flower in the first year
To create a flower garden in one season with annual flowers, bought or grown through seedlings alone, and sown directly into the ground. Annuals are very grateful, many of them bright bloom throughout the season until the first frost. Most annuals are undemanding and easy to care for them. The beauty of this flower lies in the fact that planted seedlings with buds or already blooming in early may, the annuals will delight lush blooms before the cold weather. The disadvantage of this flower is its annual extravaganza of flowering. To repeat such a flower in the new season, the annuals will again have to grow or buy.
The best annuals: petunias, marigolds, cineraria, viola, Salvia, verbena, godetia, escholtzia, iberis the cornflower.
Flower garden for a few years
Flower garden for a few years every year to grow and more beautiful. But you have to understand that perennial plants, even podbroshennye and bought in a nursery in a pot (with closed root system, which can be planted throughout the season) in the first year may not bloom or will bloom modestly. In all its glory flowerbed of perennials show themselves only in the second or third year. Laying a flower garden of perennials, it is important to know what plants bloom for a short, often up to 2 weeks. To flowering was continuous desired layout.
An example of continuous flowering: Crocus, tulips, iris, lychnis, peonies, daylilies, Phlox, lilies, Vidalia, chrysanthemum, Aster, Sedum.
Buy some Dahlia tubers, 5-10 bulbs, gladioli and lilies. Landed them in their young the flower bed in may, you have the summer off enjoy the wonderful blossom of these plants. Don’t forget, dahlias and gladioli need for winter digging. Lilies without transplants can grow for a few years. When choosing Lily bulbs, keep in mind the larger the bulb, the larger will be the flower in the first year of flowering.
Do not forget about the existence of flowering ornamental deciduous shrubs. They keep the shape of the flower bed throughout the season. In the summer they are pleased with the bright foliage of various shapes and beautiful blooms, and the autumn and winter with fruits or unusual bark color. Appropriate and look organically in flower beds low conifers, which are able to keep the flower garden beautiful even in winter.
Examples of shrubs: mountain ash, snowberry, hawthorn, barberry, Chinese, cotoneaster, viburnum ordinary, wild rose, chernoplodku, winged Euonymus, standard forms of trees.
Come up with a topic
If you pre-formulate the main idea of the flower garden, select suitable for your flowers will be easier. Start from the title or style preference. For example: a flower garden in country style will be suitable to the theme of flowers, be sure wickerwork fence and a couple of earthenware, or flowers, with white flowers and silvery foliage, may be, you will want to make camomile Paradise (leucanthemum, gaillardia, Echinacea, perennial Aster), and near the kitchen to plant a decorative garden or to create a mini-garden of herbal and medicinal herbs. You should start with plants soloist. For shadow of a flower bed will fit Volzhanka or purpurnolistnaya hazel for moisture-loving – botulinic or IVA on the trunk, for the flower garden in the front area – climbing or standard roses.
Three important focus
When planning a flower garden, use contrasting techniques:
Pick plants with different leaf shape: tight – laced (host and “ferns”), round – xiphoid (host and irises, grasses), shiny – haired (saxifrage and woolly stahis).
The alternation of inflorescences
Looks very impressive alternation of forms of inflorescence – vertical (bells) and horizontally (chamomile).
The easiest way to play on the contrast of colors (blue Aconite – yellow yarrow), but also very interesting and harmonious look of a plant with similar leaves or similar form of flowers, buds. The most successful, perhaps, spring onion and primroses, high balls and low balls.
Planning a flower garden
It seems, everything is thought out: you have decided on the theme and form of the flower garden, found a suitable place and picked up the plants. Now take your time and do not proceed to the realization of the composition, while all your thoughts and ideas do not survive on paper! Only then you will not lose conceived the idea of color, texture and characteristics of selected plants.
A little math
How to calculate the required number of plants for the flower garden:
On 1 sq. m planted:
- 1-3 large tall plant (for example, Volzhanka, botulinic – 1, delphinium, Malva – 3 pieces);
- 5-7 medium compact;
- 7-11 undersized;
- 31-35 ground cover.
The number of planted plants all the time is odd. This number is easier to plant, having flowers asymmetrically.
Objectively assess their strength and the amount of time that you are willing to spend on caring for the flower garden. If you spend all summer on the ground, you can grow something exotic to attract the attention of neighbors and surprise guests. But, if you go out of town infrequently and with only one dream – to lie in the hammock in the garden shade, give preference to the unpretentious flowers that with minimum costs, effort and time plot still looked well kept.
Hardy perennials: astilba, stonecrop, peonies, daylilies, Hosta, bergenia, winter-hardy conifers and shrubs with decorative foliage.